Micro Greens, Herb Flowers, and Edible Flowers
Microgreens are a tiny form of edible greens produced from the seeds of vegetables, herbs or other plants. They range in size from one to two inches long, including the stem and leaves. Microgreens can have surprisingly intense flavors considering their small size, though not as strong as the mature greens and herbs. A microgreen consists of a central stem, two small leaves and usually one pair of the plant's true leaves. The seeds are the same seeds used to grow the full sized herbs, vegetables and greens. Thus, microgreens are simply seedlings that are harvested before they develop into larger plants. Microgreens are not sprouts. Sprouts are simply germinated seeds, grown entirely in water in an environment of high moisture and humidity and harvested within 2-3 days, root and all. Microgreens are mostly greenhouse grown, planted in specific soil mixes or a soil substitute such as peat moss in high light conditions with low air humidity and good air circulation. Most varieties require 1-2 weeks growing time, some as long as 4-6 weeks. When ready to harvest, they are cut above the soil surface and packed without any root.
Microgreens are used primarily as a garnish and flavor accent. They may also be lightly mixed into salads.